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Neutron Applications in Earth, Energy and Environmental Sciences


Neutron Applications in Earth, Energy and Environmental Sciences


Neutron Scattering Applications and Techniques

von: Liyuan Liang, Romano Rinaldi, Helmut Schober

190,39 €

Verlag: Springer
Format: PDF
Veröffentl.: 11.12.2008
ISBN/EAN: 9780387094168
Sprache: englisch
Anzahl Seiten: 638

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Beschreibungen

Neutron Applications in Earth, Energy and Environmental Sciences offers a comprehensive overview of the wide ranging applications of neutron scattering techniques to elucidate the fundamental materials properties at the nano-, micro- and meso-scale, which underpin research in the related fields of Earth, Energy and Environmental Sciences. Introductions to neutron scattering fundamentals and instrumentation are paired with a thorough review of the applications to a large variety of scientific and technological problems, written through the direct experience of leading scientists in each field. Tailored to a wide audience, this volume provides the novice with an inspiring introduction and stimulates the expert to consider these non-conventional problem solving techniques in his/her field of interest. Earth and environmental scientists, engineers, researchers and graduate students involved with materials science will find Neutron Applications in Earth, Energy and Environmental Sciences a valuable ready-to-use reference.
This text is a comprehensive overview of neutron scattering techniques that enhance the study of materials at the micro and nanoscale. The well structured volume provides introductions to various neutron applications from leading experts in the field.
Neutron Applications in Earth, Energy and Environmental Sciences offers a comprehensive overview of the wide ranging applications of neutron scattering techniques to elucidate the fundamental materials properties at the nano-, micro- and meso-scale, which underpin research in the related fields of Earth, Energy and Environmental Sciences. Introductions to neutron scattering fundamentals and instrumentation are paired with a thorough review of the applications to a large variety of scientific and technological problems, written through the direct experience of leading scientists in each field. Tailored to a wide audience, this volume provides the novice with an inspiring introduction and stimulates the expert to consider these non-conventional problem solving techniques in his/her field of interest. Earth and environmental scientists, engineers, researchers and graduate students involved with materials science will find Neutron Applications in Earth, Energy and Environmental Sciences a valuable ready-to-use reference.
Applications: Earth Sciences.- Neutron Applications in Earth, Energy, and Environmental Sciences.- Neutron Scattering—A Non-destructive Microscope for Seeing Inside Matter.- Neutron Scattering Instrumentation.- Structural and Magnetic Phase Transitions in Minerals: In Situ Studies by Neutron Scattering.- Inelastic Neutron Scattering and Lattice Dynamics: Perspectives and Challenges in Mineral Physics.- A Microscopic View of Mass Transport in Silicate Melts by Quasielastic Neutron Scattering and Molecular Dynamics Simulations.- Neutron Diffraction Studies of Hydrous Minerals in Geosciences.- Studies of Mineral–Water Surfaces.- Neutron Diffraction and the Mechanical Behavior of Geological Materials.- The Contribution of Neutron Texture Goniometry to the Study of Complex Tectonics in the Alps.- Neutron Imaging Methods and Applications.- Applications: Energy.- Vibrational Dynamics and Guest–Host Coupling in Clathrate Hydrates.- Applications of Neutron Scattering in the Chemical Industry: Proton Dynamics of Highly Dispersed Materials, Characterization of Fuel Cell Catalysts, and Catalysts from Large-Scale Chemical Processes.- Hydrogen and Hydrogen-Storage Materials.- Lithium Ion Materials for Energy Applications: Structural Properties from Neutron Diffraction.- Applications: Environment.- Application of Neutron Reflectivity for Studies of Biomolecular Structures and Functions at Interfaces.- Pollutant Speciation in Water and Related Environmental Treatment Issues.- Clay Swelling: New Insights from Neutron-Based Techniques.- Structure and Dynamics of Fluids in Microporous and Mesoporous Earth and Engineered Materials.- The Combined Ultra-Small- and Small-Angle Neutron Scattering (USANS/SANS) Technique for Earth Sciences.- Biosynthesis of Magnetite by Microbes.
Dr. Liyuan Liang is the Chief Scientist, Environmental Division, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, and is also positioned in Developmental Rotation in Strategic Plan, Office of Strategic Planning.
Romano Rinaldi is full professor of Mineralogy at the University of Perugia, Italy. His research interests include: crystallography and crystal chemistry of minerals, determinative methods by electron microscopy, microanalysis, X-Ray and Neutron scattering techniques as applied to minerals and man made materials.

Neutron Applications in Earth, Energy and Environmental Sciences offers a comprehensive overview of the wide ranging applications of neutron scattering techniques to elucidate the fundamental materials properties at the nano-, micro- and meso-scale, which underpin research in the related fields of Earth, Energy and Environmental Sciences. Introductions to neutron scattering fundamentals and instrumentation are paired with a thorough review of the applications to a large variety of scientific and technological problems, written through the direct experience of leading scientists in each field. Tailored to a wide audience, this volume provides the novice with an inspiring introduction and stimulates the expert to consider these non-conventional problem solving techniques in his/her field of interest. Earth and environmental scientists, engineers, researchers and graduate students involved with materials science will find Neutron Applications in Earth, Energy and Environmental Sciences a valuable ready-to-use reference.
Offers comprehensive coverage from leading experts on neutron scattering techniques enhancing earth and environmental research
Provides instructional up-to-date reviews of important neutron methods in energy, such as gas hydrates, hydrogen-storage materials, lithium ions and neutron scattering in the chemical industry
Discusses future prospects for neutron applications in earth and environmental sciences

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