Networking Simulation for Intelligent Transportation SystemsHigh Mobile Wireless Nodes
This book studies the simulation of wireless networking in the domain of Intelligent Transportation Systems (ITS) involving aircraft, railway and vehicular communication. On this subject, particular focus is placed on effective communication channels, mobility modeling, multi-technology simulation and global ITS simulation frameworks. Networking Simulation for Intelligent Transportation Systems addresses the mixing of IEEE802.11p and LTE into a dedicated simulation environment as well as the links between ITS and IoT; aeronautical mobility and VHD Data Link (VDL) simulation; virtual co-simulation for railway communication and control-command; realistic channel simulation, mobility modeling and autonomic simulation for VANET and quality metrics for VANET. The authors intend for this book to be as useful as possible to the reader as they provide examples of methods and tools for running realistic and reliable simulations in the domain of communications for ITS.
Preface xi Chapter 1. Simulation of Convergent Networks for Intelligent Transport Systems with VSimRTI 1Robert PROTZMANN, Björn SCHÜNEMANN and Ilja RADUSCH 1.1. Introduction 1 1.2. Fundamentals of cooperative ITS 2 1.3. Overall simulation framework 5 1.4. Simulation of cellular networks 6 1.5. Simulation study 14 Chapter 2. Near-field Wireless Communications and their Role in Next Generation Transport Infrastructures: an Overview of Modelling Techniques 29Christian PINEDO, Marina AGUADO, Lara RODRIGUEZ, Iñigo ADIN, Jaizki MENDIZABAL and Guillermo BISTUÉ 2.1. Near-field wireless technologies 30 2.2. Characterization of near-field communications 36 2.3. Discrete event simulators 42 2.4. Conclusions 47 Chapter 3. Trace Extraction for Mobility in Civil Aeronautical Communication Networks Simulation 50Fabien GARCIA and Mickaël ROYER 3.1. Traffic regulations 52 3.2. Mobility for network simulation 54 3.3. Example of mobility trace extraction 56 3.4. Toward cooperative trajectories 60 3.5. Bibliography 60 Chapter 4. Air-Ground Data Link Communications in Air Transport 61Christophe GUERBER, Alain PIROVANO and José RADZIK 4.1. Introduction 61 4.2. Continental air-ground data link communications and VDL mode 2 63 4.3. Oceanic air-ground data link communications and AMS(R)S 71 4.4. Summary and further work 76 4.5. Bibliography 77 Chapter 5. A Virtual Laboratory as an Assessment Tool for Wireless Technologies in Railway Systems 79Patrick SONDI, Eric RAMAT and Marion BERBINEAU 5.1. Introduction 80 5.2. ERTMS subsystems and related test beds 81 5.3. A virtual laboratory based on co-simulation for ERTMS evaluation 86 5.4. Effective use of the ERTMS–OPNET virtual laboratory 97 Chapter 6. Emulating a Realistic VANET Channel in Ns-3 107Hervé BOEGLEN, Benoit HILT and Frédéric DROUHIN 6.1. Introduction 107 6.2. Influence of the channel propagation model on VANET simulation 107 6.3. A way to realistic channel modeling with ns-2 112 6.4. Realistic channel modeling with ns-3 114 6.5. Case studies: emulation of realistic VANET channel models in ns-3 117 6.6. Conclusion and discussion 123 6.7. Appendix A: The Abbas et al. Model Implementation 125 Chapter 7. CONVAS: Connected Vehicle Assessment System for Realistic Co-simulation of Traffic and Communications 133Justinian ROSCA, Ines UGALDE, Praprut SONGCHITRUKSA and Srinivasa SUNKARI 7.1. Introduction 133 7.2. Related work 135 7.3. CONVAS co-simulation platform 138 7.4. Realistic DSRC channel models 139 7.5. Channel model tuning 143 7.6. Connected vehicle applications 149 7.7. Experimental results 151 Chapter 8. Highway Road Traffic Modeling for ITS Simulation 165Marco GRAMAGLIA, Marco FIORE, Maria CALDERON, Oscar TRULLOLS-CRUCES and Diala NABOULSI 8.1. Introduction 165 8.2. Road traffic models 166 8.3. Fine-tuned measurement-based model 170 8.4. Comparative analysis of road traffic models 174 8.5. Fundamental properties of highway vehicular networks . . . 178 8.6. Discussion and conclusions 181 8.7. Bibliography 182 Chapter 9. F-ETX: A Metric Designed for Vehicular Networks 185Sébastien BINDEL, Benoit HILT and Serge CHAUMETTE 9.1. Introduction 185 9.2. Link quality estimators 187 9.3. Analysis of legacy estimation techniques 190 9.4. The F-ETX metric 195 9.5. Simulation settings 201 9.6. Simulation results 202 Chapter 10. Autonomic Computing and VANETs: Simulation of a QoS-based Communication Model 211 Nader MBAREK, Wahabou ABDOU and Benoît DARTIES 10.1. Introduction 211 10.2. Autonomic Computing within VANETs 212 10.3. Broadcasting protocols for VANETs 213 10.4. Autonomic broadcasting within VANETs 218 10.5. Simulation of a QoS-based communication model 222 10.6. Conclusion 231 10.7. Bibliography 232 List of Authors 235 Index 239
Benoit HILT is Assistant Professor of computer networking at the University of Haute-Alsace, France. His current research focuses on high mobility wireless communication, realistic simulation in the ITS domain and cooperative communication for autonomous driving. Marion BERBINEAU is currently Research Director at IFSTTAR and Deputy Director of the Components and SYStems Department that consists of 310 persons within 13 laboratories. Dr Berbineau field of expertise are EM propagation and modeling, channel characterization and modeling for transport and complex environments, particularly in tunnels; signal processing for wireless communication systems in multipath environments, MIMO systems and Cognitive Radio for ITS and for railway applications including control-command, video surveillance, passenger information. Alexey VINEL is currently a Guest Professor with the School of Information Science, Computer and Electrical Engineering, Halmstad University, Halmstad, Sweden (on leave from the Department of Signal Processing, Tampere University of Technology, Tampere, Finland). He has been an Associate Editor for IEEE Communications Letters since 2012. His research interests include multiple-access protocols and intelligent transportation systems.
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