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Inferences by Parallel Reasoning in Islamic Jurisprudence


Inferences by Parallel Reasoning in Islamic Jurisprudence

Al-Shirazi's Insights into the Dialectical Constitution of Meaning and Knowledge
Logic, Argumentation & Reasoning, Band 19

von: Shahid Rahman, Muhammad Iqbal, Youcef Soufi

85,59 €

Verlag: Springer
Format: PDF
Veröffentl.: 13.01.2020
ISBN/EAN: 9783030223823
Sprache: englisch

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Beschreibungen

This monograph proposes a new (dialogical) way of studying the different forms of correlational inference, known in the Islamic jurisprudence as qiy?s. According to the authors’ view, qiy?s represents an innovative and sophisticated form of dialectical reasoning that not only provides new epistemological insights into legal argumentation in general (including legal reasoning in Common and Civil Law) but also furnishes a fine-grained pattern for parallel reasoning which can be deployed in a wide range of problem-solving contexts and does not seem to reduce to the standard forms of analogical reasoning studied in contemporary philosophy of science and argumentation theory.

After an overview of the emergence of qiy?s and of the work of al-Sh?r?z? penned by Soufi Youcef, the authors discuss al-Sh?r?z?’s classification of correlational inferences of the occasioning factor (qiy?s al-'illa). The second part of the volume deliberates on the system of correlational inferences by indication and resemblance (qiy?s al-dal?la, qiy?s al-shabah). The third part develops the main theoretical background of the authors’ work, namely, the dialogical approach to Martin-Löf's Constructive Type Theory. The authors present this in a general form and independently of adaptations deployed in parts I and II. Part III also includes an appendix on the relevant notions of Constructive Type Theory, which has been extracted from an overview written by Ansten Klev. The book concludes with some brief remarks on contemporary approaches to analogy in Common and Civil Law and also to parallel reasoning in general.
INTRODUCTION.A Brief Historical Overview of the emergence of Qiy?s within Islamic Jurisprudence and Some Notes on the Life and Work of Ab? Is??q al-Sh?r?z?. By Soufi Youcef.I QIY?S AL-?ILLA.Ab? Is??q al-Sh?r?z?’s System of Co-Relational Inferences of the Occasioning Factor1 Introduction2 A Dialectical Genealogy of Ab? Is??q al-Sh?r?z?’s System of Qiy?s.3 Motivating the Deployment of CTT4 A Dialogical Framework for Co-Relational Inferences of the Occasioning Factor.5 ConclusionsAppendix I : Some basic notions of Constructive Type TheoryAppendix II: The main rules of the Dialogical framework for Qiy?s al-?IllaReferences.II QIY?S AL-DAL?LA AND QIY?S AL-SHABAHAb? Is??q al-Sh?r?z?’s System of Co-Relational Inferences by Indication and Resemblance1 Introduction. On al- Sh?r?z?’s Classification of Qiy?s al-Dal?la and Qiy?s al-Shabah2 Qiy?s al-Dal?la3 Qiy?s al-Shabah4 The Dialectical Structure of Qiy?s al-Dal?la and Qiy?s al-Shabah5 A Dialogical Framework for Qiy?s al-Dal?la and Qiy?s al-Shabah6 ConclusionsReferences.III IMMANENT REASONING AND THE DIALOGICAL CONSTITUTION OF LOGIC1 Introduction2 Local Reasons3 Strategic Reasons4 A Plaidoyer for the Play-Level5 Normativity and the Dialogical Framework6 ConclusionsReferences.FINAL REMARKS AND THEWORK AHEAD
Shahid Rahman: Full-professor (classe exceptionnelle) of logic and epistemology at the Université de Lille-Nord-pas-de-Calais, Sciences Humaines et Sociales. He is also researcher at the UMR-CNRS 8163: STL. . Member (2016-2018) of the Conseil Scientifique du Réseau national des Maisons des Sciences de l’Homme. Member of the commission of the Institute Eric Weil, Director (for the French side) of the ANR-DFG Franco-German project 2012-2015 (Lille (MESHS)/Konstanz, Prof M. Armgardt): Théorie du Droit et Logique/Jurisprudenz und Logik. Studies: Masters in Philosophy, Mathematics, Philology (Erlangen-Nürnberg Universität) 1986-1989; PhD in Philosophy, Psychology, Philology , thesis on dialogical logic and constructive mathematics, 1990-1993; Habilitation in Philosophy (for the grade of professor), Universität des Saarlandes, 1994-1997. Professional Experience: Wissenschatlicher Mitarbeiter, Universität des Saarlandes, 1996-98. Researcher at the Max-Planck Institut für Informatik and at the Deutsches Forschungszentrum für Künstliche Intelligenz 1997-2000. Acting Director of the Department of Philosophy, Universität des Saarlandes, 1999. Prof. Rahman works span both philosophy of logic and its history, including a dialogical perspective on Constructive Type Theory. In fact, he is the leading researcher in the field of the dialogical conception of logic to which he contributed with publications in, among other fields, non-classical logics, legal reasoning, Aristotle, Arabic Logic and Epistemology. 

Muhammad Iqbal: Lecturer at Universitas Islam Negeri Antasari, Banjarmasin Indonesia. PhD student in philosophy at the UMR-CNRS 8163:STL., Université de Lille-Nord-pas-de-Calais, Sciences Humaines et Sociales. His main interests are, Islamic Law, Logic and Epistemology.Soufi Youcef: Lecturer at the Department of Classical, Near Eastern, and Religious Studies, University of British Columbia, BUCH C206, 1866 Main Mall, Vancouver, Canada. His interests are: Islamic Law, Islamic Legal Theory (U??l al-fiqh), Medieval Juristic Disputations.
This monograph proposes a new (dialogical) way of studying the different forms of correlational inference, known in the Islamic jurisprudence as qiy?s. According to the authors’ view, qiy?s represents an innovative and sophisticated form of dialectical reasoning that not only provides new epistemological insights into legal argumentation in general (including legal reasoning in Common and Civil Law) but also furnishes a fine-grained pattern for parallel reasoning which can be deployed in a wide range of problem-solving contexts and does not seem to reduce to the standard forms of analogical reasoning studied in contemporary philosophy of science and argumentation theory.

After an overview of the emergence of qiy?s and of the work of al-Sh?r?z? penned by Soufi Youcef, the authors discuss al-Sh?r?z?’s classification of correlational inferences of the occasioning factor (qiy?s al-'illa). The second part of the volume deliberates on the system of correlational inferences by indication and resemblance (qiy?s al-dal?la, qiy?s al-shabah). The third part develops the main theoretical background of the authors’ work, namely, the dialogical approach to Martin-Löf's Constructive Type Theory. The authors present this in a general form and independently of adaptations deployed in parts I and II. Part III also includes an appendix on the relevant notions of Constructive Type Theory, which has been extracted from an overview written by Ansten Klev. The book concludes with some brief remarks on contemporary approaches to analogy in Common and Civil Law and also to parallel reasoning in general.
Offers insights into knowledge and meaning in the context of jurisprudence provided by the Islamic dialectical frameworkPresents a comprehensive study on the concept and use of qiy?sProvides epistemologists and researchers in argumentation theory a wealth of rich and thought-provoking texts produced by this tradition

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