Details

Design of Smart Power Grid Renewable Energy Systems


Design of Smart Power Grid Renewable Energy Systems


3. Aufl.

von: Ali Keyhani

119,99 €

Verlag: Wiley
Format: EPUB
Veröffentl.: 12.06.2019
ISBN/EAN: 9781119573340
Sprache: englisch
Anzahl Seiten: 624

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Beschreibungen

The Updated Third Edition Provides a Systems Approach to Sustainable Green Energy Production and Contains Analytical Tools for the Design of Renewable Microgrids  The revised third edition of Design of Smart Power Grid Renewable Energy Systems integrates three areas of electrical engineering: power systems, power electronics, and electric energy conversion systems. The book also addresses the fundamental design of wind and photovoltaic (PV) energy microgrids as part of smart-bulk power-grid systems. In order to demystify the complexity of the integrated approach, the author first presents the basic concepts, and then explores a simulation test bed in MATLAB® in order to use these concepts to solve a basic problem in the development of smart grid energy system. Each chapter offers a problem of integration and describes why it is important. Then the mathematical model of the problem is formulated, and the solution steps are outlined. This step is followed by developing a MATLAB® simula­tion test bed. This important book: Reviews the basic principles underlying power systems Explores topics including: AC/DC rectifiers, DC/AC inverters, DC/DC converters, and pulse width modulation (PWM) methods Describes the fundamental concepts in the design and operation of smart grid power grids Supplementary material includes a solutions manual and PowerPoint presentations for instructors Written for undergraduate and graduate students in electric power systems engineering, researchers, and industry professionals, the revised third edition of Design of Smart Power Grid Renewable Energy Systems is a guide to the fundamental concepts of power grid integration on microgrids of green energy sources. 
Preface Acknowledgments About the Companion Site 1 Energy and Civilization 1.1 Introduction – Motivation 1.2 Fossil Fuel 1.3 Energy Use and Industrialization 1.4 Nuclear Energy 1.5 Global Warming 1.6 The Age of the Electric Power Grid 1.7 Green and Renewable Energy Sources 1.8 Hydrogen 1.9 Solar and Photovoltaic 1.9.1 Wind Power 1.9.2 Geothermal 1.10 Biomass 1.11 Ethanol 1.12 Energy Units and Conversions 1.13 Estimating the Cost of Energy 1.14 New Oil Boom-Hydraulic Fracturing (Fracking) 1.15 Estimation of Future CO2 1.16 The Paris Agreement | UNFCCC 1.17 Conclusion Problems References 2 Power Grids 2.1 Introduction 2.2 Electric Power Grids 2.2.1 Background 2.2.2 The Construction of a Power Grid System 2.3 Basic Concepts of Power Grids 2.3.1 Common Terms 2.3.2 Calculating Power Consumption 2.4 Load Models 2.5 Transformers in Electric Power Grids 2.5.1 A short History of Transformers 2.5.2 Transmission Voltage 2.5.3 Transformers 2.6 Modeling a Microgrid System 2.6.1 The Per Unit System 2.7 Modeling Three-Phase Transformers 2.8 Tap Changing Transformers 2.9 Modeling Transmission Lines Problems References 3 Modeling of Converters in Power Grid Distributed Generation Systems 3.1 Introduction 3.2 Single-Phase DC-AC Inverters with Two Switches 3.3 Single-Phase DC-AC Inverters with a Four-Switch Bipolar Switching Method 3.3.1 Pulse Width Modulation with Unipolar Voltage Switching for a Single-Phase Full-Bridge Inverter 3.4 Three-Phase DC-AC Inverters 3.5 Pulse Width Modulation Methods 3.5.1 The Triangular Method 3.5.2 The Identity Method 3.6 Analysis of DC-AC Three-Phase Inverters 3.7 Microgrid of Renewable Energy Systems 3.8 The DC-DC Converters in Green Energy Systems 3.8.1 The Step-Up Converter 3.8.2 The Step-Down Converter 3.8.3 The Buck-Boost Converter 3.9 Rectifiers 3.10 Pulse Width Modulation Rectifiers 3.11 A Three-Phase Voltage Source Rectifier Utilizing Sinusoidal PWM Switching 3.12 The Sizing of an Inverter for Microgrid Operation 3.13 The Sizing of a Rectifier for Microgrid Operation 3.14 The Sizing of DC-DC Converters for Microgrid Operation Problems References 4 Smart Power Grid Systems 4.1 Introduction 4.2 Power Grid Operation 4.3 Vertically and Market-Structured Power Grid 4.4 The Operation Control of a Power Grid 4.5 Load Frequency Control 4.6 Automatic Generation Control 4.7 Operating Reserve Calculation 4.8 Basic Concepts of a Smart Power Grid 4.9 The Load Factor 4.10 The load Factor and Real-Time Pricing 4.11 A Cyber-Controlled Smart Grid 4.12 Smart Grid Development 4.13 Smart Microgrid Renewable and Green Energy Systems 4.14 A Power Grid Steam Generator 4.15 Power Grid Modeling Problems References 5 Solar Energy Systems 5.1 Introduction 5.2 The Solar Energy Conversion Process: Thermal Power Plants 5.3 Photovoltaic Power Conversion 5.4 Photovoltaic Materials 5.5 Photovoltaic Characteristics 5.6 Photovoltaic Efficiency 5.7 The Design of Photovoltaic Systems 5.8 The Modeling of a Photovoltaic Module 5.9 The Measurement of Photovoltaic Performance 5.10 The Maximum Power Point of a Photovoltaic Array 5.11 A Battery Storage System 5.12 A Storage System based on a Single-Cell Battery 5.13 The Energy Yield of a Photovoltaic Module and the Angle of Incidence 5.14 The State of Photovoltaic Generation Technology Problems References 6 Microgrid Wind Energy Systems 6.1 Introduction 6.2 Wind Power 6.3 Wind Turbine Generators 6.4 The Modeling of Induction Machines 6.4.1 Calculation of Slip 6.4.2 The Equivalent Circuit of an Induction Machine 6.5 Power Flow Analysis of an Induction Machine 6.6 The Operation of an Induction Generator 6.7 Dynamic Performance 6.8 The Doubly-Fed Induction Generator 6.9 Brushless doubly-fed induction generator systems 6.10 Variable-Speed Permanent Magnet Generators 6.11 A variable-Speed Synchronous Generator 6.12 A Variable-Speed Generator With a Converter Isolated from the Grid Problems References 7 Load Flow Analysis of Power Grids and Microgrids 7.1 Introduction 7.2 Voltage Calculation in Power Grid Analysis 7.3 The Power Flow Problem 7.4 Load Flow Study as a Power System Engineering Tool 7.5 Bus Types 7.6 General Formulation of the Power Flow Problem 7.7 Algorithm for Calculation of Bus Admittance Model 7.7.1 The History of Algebra, Algorithm, and Number Systems 7.7.2 Bus Admittance Algorithm 7.8 The Bus Impedance Algorithm 7.9 Formulation of the Load Flow Problem 7.10 The Gauss–Seidel YBUS Algorithm 7.11 The Gauss–Seidel ZBUS Algorithm 7.12 Comparison of the YBUS and ZBUS Power Flow Solution Methods 7.13 The Synchronous And Asynchronous Operation of Microgrids 7.14 An Advanced Power Flow Solution Method: The Newton–Raphson Algorithm 7.14.1 The Newton-Raphson Algorithm 7.15 General Formulation of The Newton––Raphson Algorithm  7.16 The Decoupled Newton-Raphson Algorithm 7.17 The Fast Decoupled Load Flow Algorithm 7.18 Analysis of a Power Flow Problem Problems References 8 Power Grid and Microgrid Fault Studies 8.1 Introduction 8.2 Power Grid Fault Current Calculation 8.3 Symmetrical Components 8.4 Sequence Networks for Power Generators 8.5 The Modeling of Wind and PV Generating Stations 8.6 Sequence Networks for Balanced Three-Phase Transmission Lines 8.7 Ground Current Flow in Balanced Three-Phase Transformers 8.8 Zero Sequence Network 8.8.1 Transformers 8.8.2 Load Connections 8.8.3 Power Grid 8.9 Fault Studies 8.9.1 Balanced Three-Phase Fault Analysis 8.9.2 Unbalanced Faults 8.9.3 Single Line to Ground Faults 8.9.4 Double Line to Ground Faults 8.9.5 Line to line faults Problems References 9 Smart Devices and Energy Efficient Monitoring Systems 9.1 Introduction 9.2 Kilowatt Hours Measurements 9.3 Current and Voltage Measurements 9.4 Power measurements at 60 or 50 Hz 9.5 Analog-to-digital conversions 9.6 Root Mean Square (RMS) Measurement Devices 9.7 Energy monitoring systems 9.8 Smart meters 9.9 Power monitoring and scheduling 9.10 Communication systems 9.11 Network security and software 9.12 Smart phone applications 9.13 Summary Problems References 10 Load Estimation and Classification 10.1 Introduction 10.2 Load Estimation of a Residential Load 10.3 Service Feeder and Metering 10.3.1 Assumed Wattages Problems References 11 Energy Saving and Cost Estimation of Incandescent and Light Emitting Diodes (LED) 11.1 Building Lighting With Incandescent Bulbs 11.2 Comparative Performance of LED, Incandescent and LFC Lighting 11.3 Building Load Estimation 11.4 LED Energy Saving 11.5 Return on Investment on LED Lighting 11.6 Annual Carbon Emissions Problems References Appendix A Complex Numbers Appendix B Transmission Line and Distribution Typical Data Appendix C Energy Yield of a Photovoltaic Panels and Angle of Incidence Appendix D Wind Power Index
Ali Keyhani, PhD, is a Professor in the Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering at Ohio State University. He is a Fellow of the IEEE and a recipient of Ohio State University, College of Engineering Research Award for 1989, 1999, and 2003. He has worked for Columbus and Southern Electric Power Company, Hewlett-Packard Co., Foster Wheeler Engineering, and TRW.
The Updated Third Edition Provides a Systems Approach to Sustainable Green Energy Production and Contains Analytical Tools for the Design of Renewable Microgrids The revised third edition of Design of Smart Power Grid Renewable Energy Systems integrates three areas of electrical engineering: power systems, power electronics, and electric energy conversion systems. The book also addresses the fundamental design of wind and photovoltaic (PV) energy microgrids as part of smart-bulk power-grid systems. In order to demystify the complexity of the integrated approach, the author first presents the basic concepts, and then explores a simulation test bed in MATLAB® in order to use these concepts to solve a basic problem in the development of smart grid energy system. Each chapter offers a problem of integration and describes why it is important. Then the mathematical model of the problem is formulated, and the solution steps are outlined. This step is followed by developing a MATLAB® simulation test bed. This important book: Reviews the basic principles underlying power systems Explores topics including: AC/DC rectifiers, DC/AC inverters, DC/DC converters, and pulse width modulation (PWM) methods Describes the fundamental concepts in the design and operation of smart grid power grids Supplementary material includes a solutions manual and PowerPoint presentations for instructors Written for undergraduate and graduate students in electric power systems engineering, researchers, and industry professionals, the revised third edition of Design of Smart Power Grid Renewable Energy Systems is a guide to the fundamental concepts of power grid integration on microgrids of green energy sources.

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