AutoCAD 2015 and AutoCAD LT 2015: No Experience RequiredAutodesk Official Press
Learn AutoCAD by example with this tutorial-based guide from Autodesk Official Press Whether you are just starting out or an experienced user wanting to brush up on your skills, this Autodesk Official Press book provides you with concise explanations, focused examples, and step-by-step instructions through a hands-on tutorial project that runs throughout the book. As you progress through the project, the book introduces you to the Microsoft Windows-based AutoCAD interface and then guides you through basic commands and creating drawings. A downloadable file is available from the website so that you can compare your work to the author's, and if necessary, start fresh with an intact drawing. Once you've completed the project, you will have proficiency in AutoCAD skills including: Grouping, elevations, and hatches Using text in drawings Dimensioning External references Layouts and printing Using 3D Author Donnie Gladfelter (aka "The CAD Geek"), is a top-rated trainer at CADD Microsystems and has worked with the Autodesk development team to help shape the product features. He is an AutoCAD Mentor All Star and has been a popular speaker at Autodesk University for more than seven years.
Introduction xvii Chapter 1 Getting to Know AutoCAD for Windows 1 Starting AutoCAD for Windows 2 Exploring the User Interface 2 Using the New Tab 3 Introducing Workspaces 5 Exploring the Drafting & Annotation Workspace 6 Putting the User Interface to Work 10 Using the Ribbon 12 Using File Tabs to Manage Drawings 15 Working in the Command-Line Interface 17 Understanding the Status Bar 20 Using the Application Menu 22 Using the Keyboard 27 Using the Mouse 28 If You Would Like More Practice… 29 Are You Experienced? 30 Chapter 2 Learning Basic Commands to Get Started 31 Using the Line Tool 31 Using Coordinates 37 Using Relative Coordinates 41 Using the Direct Distance Method 44 Drawing the Shape 44 Using Relative Cartesian Coordinates 45 Erasing Lines 46 Using Relative Polar Coordinates 47 Using Direct Input 47 Using the Offset Command 49 Using the Fillet Command 52 Completing the Shape 56 Offsetting Lines to Mark an Opening 56 Extending Lines 57 Trimming Lines 59 If You Would Like More Practice… 62 Are You Experienced? 63 Chapter 3 Setting Up a Drawing 65 Setting Up the Drawing Units 66 Setting Up the Drawing Size 71 Using the Grid 72 Setting Up Drawing Limits 76 Drawing with Grid and Snap 79 Taking a Closer Look at Dynamic Input 82 Saving Your Work 85 Saving Drawings to Your Hard Drive or Network Drive 86 Saving Drawings to Autodesk 360 Storage 89 Understanding AutoCAD Units 91 Exploring Options for Linear Units 92 Exploring Options for Angular Units 93 Are You Experienced? 94 Chapter 4 Developing Drawing Strategies: Part 1 95 Laying Out the Walls 96 Creating Polylines from Existing Objects 97 Creating and Editing Polylines 100 Creating the Exterior Wall Lines 102 Creating the Interior Walls 106 Cutting Openings in the Walls 120 Creating Doors 130 Drawing Swinging Doors 131 Copying Objects 142 Mirroring Objects 144 Scaling the Bathroom Door 149 Drawing a Sliding Glass Door 151 Drawing the Bifold Doors 162 Reviewing Drawing Strategies Used in This Chapter 168 If You Would Like More Practice… 169 An Alternative Sliding Glass Door 169 An Addition to the Cabin 170 Three Views of a Block 171 Are You Experienced? 173 Chapter 5 Developing Drawing Strategies: Part 2 175 Starting and Running Commands 175 Drawing the Thresholds 178 Drawing the Front Threshold 179 Drawing the Back Threshold 184 Drawing the Decks and Stairs 186 Drawing the Front Deck 186 Drawing the Deck Posts 190 Drawing the Stairs 195 Mirroring the Post and Railing 197 Drawing the Back Deck and Stairs 201 Using Point Filters to Finish the Deck 206 Laying Out the Kitchen 210 Drawing the Counter 211 Drawing the Stove and Refrigerator 216 Completing the Stove with Parametrics 218 Drawing the Kitchen Sink 233 Constructing the Bathroom 236 Setting Running Object Snaps 237 Drawing a Shower Unit 239 Drawing the Bathroom Sink and Mirror 241 Positioning the Toilet and Shelves 245 Drawing the Hot Tub 249 If You Would Like More Practice… 252 Drawing the Cabin Again 252 Drawing Something Else 253 Drawing Furniture for the Cabin 253 Drawing a Gasket 254 Drawing a Parking Lot 256 Are You Experienced? 258 Chapter 6 Using Layers to Organize Your Drawing 259 Using Layers as an Organizing Tool 260 Setting Up Layers 262 Assigning Linetypes to Layers 274 Assigning Objects to Layers 279 Turning Off and Freezing Layers 295 Drawing the Headers 299 Drawing the Roof 303 Setting a Linetype Scale Factor 309 Drawing the Ridgeline 312 Using the Layer Walk Tool 313 Setting Properties of Layers and Objects 316 Assigning a Color or a Linetype to an Object Instead of a Layer 316 Making a Color or a Linetype Current 317 Using the Action Recorder 317 If You Would Like More Practice… 321 Creating a Layer State 321 Setting Up Layers for Your Trade or Profession 325 Are You Experienced? 326 Chapter 7 Combining Objects into Blocks 327 Making a Block for a Door 328 Inserting the Door Block 336 Understanding and Using Groups 341 Finding Blocks in a Drawing 344 Using Grips to Detect a Block 344 Using the LIST Command to Detect a Block 345 Using the Properties Palette to Examine a Block 347 Creating a Window Block 348 Inserting the Window Block 353 Rotating a Block during Insertion 354 Using Snap Tracking to Set the Insertion Point 357 Changing a Block’s Scale Factor by Using Object Properties 360 Finishing the Windows 362 Revising a Block 366 Sharing Information between Drawings 369 Copying Objects between Drawings 369 Using the AutoCAD DesignCenter 371 Using Other Ways to Share Information between Drawings 377 If You Would Like More Practice… 385 Are You Experienced? 387 Chapter 8 Controlling Text in a Drawing 389 Setting Up Text Styles 390 Determining the Text and Drawing Scales 391 Defining a Text Style for View Titles 392 Placing Titles of Views in the Drawing 397 Using Annotative Text 401 Defining an Annotative Text Style 402 Placing Room Labels in the Floor Plan 404 Using Text in a Grid 417 Creating a Border and Title Block 428 Using Multiline Text 446 Finishing the Title Block 446 Using Mtext for General Notes 450 Using the Spell-Check Feature 459 Exploring Other Aspects of Multiline Text 463 If You Would Like More Practice… 468 Are You Experienced? 470 Chapter 9 Using Dynamic Blocks and Tables 471 Using Attributes for a Grid 472 Defining Blocks with Attributes 477 Inserting Blocks with Attributes 479 Editing Attribute Text 482 Setting Up Multiple Attributes in a Block 483 Defining a Block with Multiple Attributes 488 Calculating Areas 490 Inserting the Room Information Block 494 Editing Attributes 499 Controlling the Visibility of Attributes 503 Exploring Other Uses for Attributes 507 Creating a Dynamic Block 507 Setting Up Parameters and Actions 509 Fine-Tuning the Dynamic Block with the Properties Palette 513 Inserting a Dynamic Block 517 Creating a Table 524 Defining a Table Style 524 Designing a Table 528 Adding Formulas to a Table 532 Creating Tables from Attributes 537 Modifying the Table Display 542 If You Would Like More Practice… 544 Are You Experienced? 545 Chapter 10 Generating Elevations 547 Drawing the South Elevation 548 Creating the South Elevation 549 Setting Up Lines for the Heights 551 Using Construction Lines to Project Elevation Points 553 Copying Objects by Using Grips 554 Trimming Lines in the Elevation 557 Assigning Elevation Layers 563 Drawing the Decks in Elevation 565 Generating the Other Elevations 583 Making the Opposite Elevation 583 Revising the New South Elevation 586 Making the Front and Back Elevations 593 Considering Drawing Scale Issues 604 Drawing Interior Elevations 605 If You Would Like More Practice… 606 Are You Experienced? 607 Chapter 11 Working with Hatches, Gradients, and Tool Palet tes 609 Hatching the South Elevation 610 Looking at Hatch Patterns 614 Hatching the Rest of the South Elevation 616 Using Hatches in the Floor Plan 629 Creating the User-Defined Hatch Pattern 630 Controlling the Origin of the Hatch Pattern 632 Finishing the Hatches for the Floors 634 Modifying the Shape of Hatch Patterns 637 Creating and Managing Tool Palettes 639 Creating a New Tool Palette 639 Setting Up a Palette for Hatches 642 Creating a Palette for Commands 644 If You Would Like More Practice… 646 Creating the Hatch Patterns for the Other Elevations 647 Are You Experienced? 648 Chapter 12 Dimensioning a Drawing 649 Introducing Dimension Styles 649 Preparing for Dimensioning 650 Creating a Text Style for Dimensions 652 Making a New Dimension Style 653 Setting Up the Primary Units Tab (Architectural) 658 Setting Up the Primary Units Tab (Metric) 660 Completing the Dimension Style Setup 661 Exploring the Alternate Units and Tolerances Tabs 664 Placing Dimensions on the Drawing 666 Placing Horizontal Dimensions 666 Using the Dimension Continue Command 668 Using the Dimension Baseline Command 671 Setting Up Vertical Dimensions 673 Finishing the Dimensions 676 Using Other Types of Dimensions 677 Using Radial Dimensions 678 Adding a Diameter Dimension 679 Adding an Arc Length 680 Setting Up Parent and Child Dimensioning Styles 681 Using Aligned and Angular Dimensions 684 Using Leader Lines 686 Modifying Dimensions 692 Editing Dimension Text Content 693 Moving Dimensions 696 Adjusting Space between Stacked Dimensions 698 Using Dimension Overrides 700 Dimensioning Short Distances 701 If You Would Like More Practice… 705 Dimensioning the Garage Addition 705 Dimensioning to a Centerline 706 Practicing on Your Own 710 Are You Experienced? 711 Chapter 13 Managing External References 713 Drawing a Site Plan 714 Using Surveyor’s Units 715 Drawing the Driveway 719 Setting Up an External Reference 727 Using the External References Palette 727 Organizing the Drawing Objects 733 Moving and Rotating an Xref 735 Modifying an Xref Drawing 736 Modifying an Xref by Making It the Current Drawing 736 Modifying an Xref from within the Host Drawing 740 Adding an Image to a Drawing 745 Putting Xrefs to Use 749 Exploring Additional Xref Features 751 Setting the Xref Path 751 Changing Path Types 754 Binding Xrefs 755 Exploring on Your Own 758 If You Would Like More Practice… 759 Building Architectural References 759 Comparing Reference Types 760 Are You Experienced? 760 Chapter 14 Using Layouts to Set Up a Print 761 Preparing the Title Block 762 Creating the Title Block Drawing 762 Sizing and Cleaning Up the Title Block 765 Defining the Title Block Attributes 767 Setting Up a Sheet Template 772 Finishing the Sheet Template 778 Creating Plan Sheets 781 Creating the Cover Sheet 781 Generating Floor Plan Sheets 783 Composing the Floor Plan Sheets 788 Creating Elevation Sheets 793 Composing the South Elevation 794 Composing the Other Elevations 795 Using Sheet Set Manager 798 Creating a New Sheet Set 798 Adding Drawings to a Sheet Set 802 Defining Sheet Properties 804 If You Would Like More Practice… 808 Are You Experienced? 809 Chapter 15 Printing a Drawing 811 Using the Plot Dialog Box 812 Assigning Lineweights to a Drawing 817 Assigning Lineweights to Layers 818 Updating Xref Layer Definitions 824 Plotting from Model Space 827 Configuring the Plot 827 Previewing a Print 829 Plotting a Drawing Using Layouts 832 Publishing a Single Layout 832 Publishing Multiple Layouts 834 Publishing with Sheet Set Manager 837 A Few Words about Plot Styles 839 Introducing Plot Style Table Files 840 Understanding How Plot-Style Table Files Are Organized 841 Going Forward 845 If You Would Like More Practice… 845 Are You Experienced? 846 Chapter 16 Creating 3D Geometry 847 Modeling in 3D 848 Setting Up the 3D Workspace and Environment 848 Making the Walls 854 Creating the Door and Window Block-Outs 858 Moving and Rotating in 3D 863 Using the First Right-Hand Rule 864 Cutting the Openings 868 Creating the Floor, Foundation, and Thresholds 870 Creating the Foundation and Supports 873 Building the Windows 874 Navigating with the ViewCube 890 Adding the Sliding Door 893 Building the Decks 897 Putting a Roof on the Cabin 916 Getting Further Directions in 3D 930 Using Other Solid-Modeling Tools 930 Using Mesh-Modeling Tools 933 Using Surface-Modeling Tools 935 If You Would Like More Practice… 937 Are You Experienced? 937 Chapter 17 Rendering and Materials 939 Creating Cameras to Reproduce Views 940 Using the Loft Tool 940 Creating the Cameras 945 Creating a Lighting Scheme 950 Creating a Light Source 950 Enabling Shadows 954 Creating the First Render 956 Controlling the Background of the Rendering 960 Adding Materials 964 Adjusting the Material Mapping 969 Rendering to a File 974 If You Would Like More Practice… 978 Are You Experienced? 979 Index 981
Donnie Gladfelter is a highly visible and respected thought leader in the CAD community. While perhaps best known for his CAD Geek blog (www.thecadgeek.com), which gets more than 10,000 visitors per month, Donnie is also a columnist for AUGIWorld Magazine, a top-rated speaker at Autodesk University and other industry events, and a trainer at CADD Microsystems, a large Autodesk Training Center and reseller. He has worked with the development team at Autodesk to help share future versions of AutoCAD, and the company often features him in their popular “Ask the Expert” series.
AutoCAD® 2015 and AutoCAD LT® 2015 NO EXPERIENCED REQUIRED Whether you’re a beginner, or an experienced user wanting to brush up on your skills, this tutorial-based guide helps you become proficient with the essentials of Autodesk’s powerful architectural design software through concise explanations, focused examples, step-by-step instructions, and a hands-on project that runs throughout the course of the book. AutoCAD expert and “CAD Geek” blogger Donnie Gladfelter first gives you an introduction to the AutoCAD interface, basic commands, and creating drawings. Next, you’ll move on to more advanced features and skills, such as grouping, elevations, hatches, and using text in drawings. In no time, you’ll build upon your skillset to master dimensioning, external references, layouts and printing, and using 3D. Learn how to best apply AutoCAD’s commands and capabilities Access the companion website to download tutorial files Follow the tutorial sequentially or jump in at any chapter Get instant insights from short, easily digestible discussions Work in AutoCAD immediately before tackling more advanced topics and projects Find everything you need to get up and running with AutoCAD and AutoCAD LT
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